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Sweet’s Syndrome: a Reaction to Non-Tuberculous


Chanisada Tuchinda MD*, Siripen Puavilai MD*,
Boonmee Sathapatayavongs MD*, Somnuek Sungkanuparph MD*,
Asda Vibhagool MD*, Suthep Jirasutus MD*,
Natta Rajatanavin MD*, Penwadee Timpatanapong MD*
* Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital Medical School, Mahidol University


Sweet’s syndrome has been reported to be associated with many underlying conditions; such as nontuberculous
mycobacterial infections (NTMI). In the literature, only twelve patents with Sweet’s syndrome in
association with NTMI have been reported (most of the patients were from Thailand). Here, the authors
report six more patients who developed Sweet’s syndrome as a reaction to NTMI. Four patients had Mycobacterium
chelonae/abscessus group infection; one patient had been infected with Mycobacterium avium
complex first and became infected with M. chelonae/abscessus group 17 months later; and, the other one had
Mycobacterium fortuitum infection. In each patient, the skin lesions of Sweet’s syndrome relapsed many times
while they still had NTMI, and these lesions usually responded well to short courses of systemic steroids
without any deterioration of NTMI.

Keyword : Sweet’s syndrome, Dermatosis, neutrophilic, acute febrile, Neutrophilic dermatosis, acute febrile,

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