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Hydatid Disease of the Liver: the First Indigenous Case in Thailand and Review of the Literature

725

Pattaya Riengchan MD*, Chusana Suankratay MD, PhD*,
Henry Wilde MD**, Voranuch Thanakit MD***
* Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University
** Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Thailand
*** Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

Abstract


The authors describe the first indigenous case of hepatic hydatid disease in Thailand. A 58-year-old
female presented with progressive right upper quadrant abdominal discomfort over a 6-month period.
Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a solitary cystic lesion 11x12x13 centimeter in size at
the left lobe of the liver. She had never been abroad and had no livestock exposure. The first operation was
complicated by spillage of the parasite which required a combination of albendazole and praziquantel and
a second operation for intracystic instillation of hypertonic saline solution. Unfortunately, uncontrolled
generalized seizures developed due to severe hypernatremia. She never regained consciousness and expired
3 weeks after admission. In addition, the authors also reviewed previous reports of hydatid disease in
Thailand. To date, only 9 cases have been reported since 1932.

Keyword : Hydatid disease, Echinococcosis, Echinococcus granulosus, Itraoperative spillage, Intraperitoneal



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