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Early Detection and Identification of Amphizoic Amoebae from Nasal Exudates of a Symptomatic Case


Chutatip Siripanth, MSc (Trop Med)*,
Benjanee Punpoowong, MSc (Trop Med)**, Mario Riganti, MD, Dip American Board of Pathology**

* Department of Protozoology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
** Department of Tropical Pathology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University


A man visited the Out Patient Department of the hospital for Tropical Diseases in February 2004 with low grade fever and severe headache for a week. He had the history of diving in a natural pond 2-3 days before the onset of the disease. A thick bloody mucous was observed from the nasal discharge. Fresh microscopic observation of the exudates in 0.85% sodium chloride revealed numerous active amoeba trophozoites. Two groups of the trophozoites were observed. The first group was 10 µ sized amoeba with active directional movement by lobopodia and the second group was 15-30 µ sized amoeba with active multiprogressive movement by filopodia. Few flagellate forms were observed after exflagellation in distilled water and some polygonal cysts were also found. Giemsa’ stain was used to differentiate the amoeba trophozoites from the leukocytes. It was concluded that this patient was infected by both Naegleria spp.and Acanthamoeba spp. This is the first report of double infection of free-living amoeba in a symptomatic and non-fatal patient.

Keyword : Naegleria spp., Acanthamoeba spp., Lobopodium, Filopodium, Enflagellation, PAM, GAE

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