The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in adults in a rural area of Thailand. Random sampling was conducted in 443 volunteers, 187 males and 256 females, aged > 35 years in Chachoengsao Province. After a 12-hour fast, the blood was drawn for the analysis of total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Mean serum lipids of cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides were 207.79 + 46.98, 117.26 + 36.59, 50.53 + 2.14 and 201.21 + 131.07 mg/dL, respectively. Nineteen percent of them had cholesterol > 240 mg/dL and 10% had LDL cholesterol > 160 mg/dL. Seven percent had HDL cholesterol < 35 mg/dL. However, LDL/HDL cholesterol ratios > 5, were found in only 0.9%. In conclusion, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was high in rural Thai adults. Further surveillance in this population is essential in verifying the impact of dyslipidemia as a risk of cardiovascular disease in rural Thai adults.
Keyword : Dyslipidemia, Thai adults